Good aerobic fitness doesn’t protect children against type 2 diabetes, staying active does
Good aerobic fitness does not protect children against obesity-induced insulin resistance, which is a key risk factor of type 2 diabetes, a new study from Finland shows. However, more physical activity and less sedentary time were associated with reduced insulin resistance also in obese children.
Exposure to Smoking in Early Childhood Linked to Hyperactivity and Conduct Problems
In a recent study, children exposed to smoking in the first 4 years of life were more likely to exhibit symptoms of hyperactivity and conduct problems.
Pregnancy: Coffee, nicotine and amphetamines activate “hot spots” in the foetal brain
If pregnant women take significant amounts of the psychostimulants coffee, nicotine and amphetamine during pregnancy, their children have a higher risk of developing neurological and psychiatric problems later in life.
Review study finds negative association between time watching TV or playing video games and academic performance in children and adolescents
Researchers from the LIFE (Physical Activity, Fitness and Health) research group at the Universitat Jaume I, together with researchers from the Health and Social Research Center of the University of Castilla-La Mancha, have analysed 5,599 scientific articles and have concluded that there is a negative…
Fish in early childhood reduces risk of disease
Children should be introduced to fish or cod liver oil early in life, from when they are about a year old. That’s because children who consume fish early on show significantly reduced occurrences of eczema, wheezing and asthma at age six, as reported by their…
Complementary and alternative therapies to treat colic: the jury’s still out but some therapies show promise
A review of the evidence on the use of complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies to treat babies with colic has shown some that some treatments – including probiotics, fennel extract and spinal manipulation – do appear to help, but that overall the evidence on the…
The study, published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence at the start of Alcohol Awareness Week (11 – 17 November) strengthens the evidence for a relationship between anxiety and later alcohol use as the researchers accounted for other factors such as adolescent smoking and cannabis use, and parental anxiety and alcohol use. Researchers used a longitudinal design to help disentangle the order of associations between generalised anxiety disorder and alcohol use. They also tested whether drinking to cope, a motive for drinking alcohol, influenced these associations. Using questionnaire and clinical interview data from more than 2000 participants, they found generalised anxiety disorder at age 18 was linked to frequent drinking, frequent bingeing, hazardous drinking, and harmful drinking at age 18. Generalised anxiety disorder continued to be associated with harmful drinking at age 21. Drinking to cope was also strongly associated with more harmful drinking, but it did not appear to influence associations between anxiety and alcohol use.Harmful drinking was measured using a special test developed by the World Health Association. On average, adolescents with anxiety drank at more harmful levels regardless of whether they tended to drink alcohol for coping reasons or not. Maddy Dyer, PhD student at the University of Bristol, commented: “Our most important finding was that the relationship between generalised anxiety disorder and harmful drinking at age 18 persists into early adulthood. Helping adolescents to develop positive strategies for coping with anxiety, instead of drinking alcohol, may reduce the risk of future harmful drinking. However, we cannot determine if the relationship is causal, because we used an observational study design.” Mark Leyshon, Senior Policy and Research Manager at Alcohol Change UK, said: “Our own research has shown that links between mental health problems, such as anxiety disorders, and alcohol are common and complex. For example, anxiety can be both a result of stopping drinking and a risk factor in beginning to drink too much, as this new study suggests. “We need more research to help us better understand the connections between alcohol and mental health,as well as high-quality, accessible, integrated support for substance misuse and mental health issues.” Source: University of Bristol, Full bibliographic information ‘Alcohol use in late adolescence and early adulthood: The role of generalised anxiety disorder and drinking to cope motives’ by Maddy Dyer, Jon Heron, Matthew Hickman, and Marcus Munafò, in Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Children who are born preterm or at very low birth weight have similar temperament difficulties as children who were institutionally deprived early in life
Thrombosis: Anticoagulant Rivaroxaban soon also available for children
Medicines can have different effects in children than in adults, which is not just a question of the right dose. Yet, still only few pharmaceuticals have been specifically tested and approved for this patient group. For treatment of thrombosis, children currently receiv Heparin and Vitamin…
Factors During Pregnancy May Affect Early Childhood Weight
In a study published in Pediatric Obesity, a child’s high and increasing body mass index between ages two and six years was strongly associated with pre-pregnancy obesity and overweight in the child’s mother; modestly associated with maternal type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes…